Andhra Pradesh borders India’s south-eastern coast. The north-western portion of the state was bifurcated to form a new state, Telangana. Major cultural landmarks include Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, an ornate hilltop shrine to Hindu’s Vishnu, situated in the southern part of the state. It is visited by tens of millions of pilgrims annually. Hyderabad, the fascinating capital, is reason enough on its own to visit this region. Its old quarter of colorful markets, teahouses, biryani restaurants, and narrow lanes are studded with the monuments and palaces of bygone dynasties. The major northern port of Visakhapatnam has popular beaches like Ramakrishna and Rishikonda, lining the Bay of Bengal and offering spots for swimming and surfing. Andhra Pradesh also harbors the wonderful medieval temple sculptures of Palampet, the beauty of ancient Buddhist sites such as Sankaram and Guntupalli hidden in deep countryside, and Belum Caves, the longest caves in Indian subcontinent.